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Application Of Liberty Engine Materials To The Automotive Industry
The success of the Liberty engine program was an engineer...

Quenching Tool Steel
To secure proper hardness, the cooling of quenching of steel ...

Plant For Forging Rifle Barrels
The forging of rifle barrels in large quantities and heat-tre...

Detrimental Elements
Sulphur and phosphorus are two elements known to be detrimen...

Preventing Cracks In Hardening
The blacksmith in the small shop, where equipment is usually ...

Testing And Inspection Of Heat Treatment
The hard parts of the gear must be so hard that a new mill f...

The Pyrometer And Its Use
In the heat treatment of steel, it has become absolutely nece...

Composition And Properties Of Steel
It is a remarkable fact that one can look through a dozen tex...

Phosphorus
PHOSPHORUS is an element (symbol P) which enters the metal fr...

Cutting-off Steel From Bar
To cut a piece from an annealed bar, cut off with a hack saw,...

Carbon Tool Steel
Heat to a bright red, about 1,500 to 1,550 deg.F. Do not ham...

Effect Of A Small Amount Of Copper In Medium-carbon Steel
This shows the result of tests by C. R. Hayward and A. B. Joh...

Chromium
Chromium when alloyed with steel, has the characteristic func...

Tensile Properties
Strength of a metal is usually expressed in the number of pou...

Annealing
There is no mystery or secret about the proper annealing of d...

Composition Of Transmission-gear Steel
If the nickel content of this steel is eliminated, and the pe...

Annealing
ANNEALING can be done by heating to temperatures ranging from...

Alloying Elements
Commercial steels of even the simplest types are therefore p...

Furnace Data
In order to give definite information concerning furnaces, fu...

Mushet And Bessemer
That Mushet was "used" by Ebbw Vale against Bessemer is, perh...



Take Time For Hardening






Category: HARDENING CARBON STEEL FOR TOOLS

Uneven heating and poor quenching has
caused loss of many very valuable dies, and it certainly seems
that when a firm spends from $75 to $450 in cutting a die that
a few hours could be spared for proper hardening. But the usual
feeling is that a tool must be hurried as soon as the hardener
gets it, and if a burst die is the result from either uneven or
overheated steel and quenching same without judgment, the steel
gets the blame.



Give the steel a chance to heat properly, mix a little common sense
with your 30 years experience on the other fellows steel. Remember
that high-carbon steel hardens at a lower heat than low-carbon
steel, and quench when at the right heat in the two above ways,
and 99 per cent of the trouble will vanish.

When a die flies to pieces in quenching, don't rush to the
superintendent with a poor-steel story, but find out first why it
broke so that the salesman who sold it will not be able to harden
piece after piece from the same bar satisfactorily. If you find
a cold short, commonly called a pipe, you can lay the blame
on the steelmaker. If it is a case of overheating and quenching
when too hot, you will find a coarse grain with many bright spots
like crystals to the hardening depth. If uneven heating is the
cause, you will find a wider margin of hardening depth on one side
than on the other, or find the coarse grain from over-heating on
one side while on the other you will find a close grain, which
may be just right. If you find any other faults than a pipe,
or are not able to harden deep enough, then take the blame like
a man and send for information. The different steel salesmen are
good fellows and most of them know a thing or two about their own
business.

For much work a cooling bath at from 50 to 75 deg.F. is very good both
for small hobs, dies, cutter plates or plungers. Some work will
harden best in a barrel of brine, but in running cold water, splendid
results will be obtained. Cutter plates should always be dipped
corner first and if any have stripper holes, they should first
be plugged with asbestos or fire clay cement.

In general it may be said that the best hardening temperature for
carbon steel is the lowest temperature at which it will harden
properly.





Next: Carbon In Tool Steel

Previous: The Modern Hardening Room



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