While thinking of some source of heat (a fireplace, a bonfire, the sun etc.) chant (if you are of the fire element): "I am warm, I am fire, all this warmth, is my desire" (x13) If you are not of the fire element, chant: "I am warm warm a... Read more of Warmth Spell at White Magic.caInformational Site Network Informational
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Steel Making

Detrimental Elements
Sulphur and phosphorus are two elements known to be detrimen...

High Speed Steel
For centuries the secret art of making tool steel was handed ...

Drop Forging Dies
The kind of steel used in the die of course influences the he...

Hardening High-speed Steels
We will now take up the matter of hardening high-speed steels...

Composition And Properties Of Steel
It is a remarkable fact that one can look through a dozen tex...

A Chromium-cobalt Steel
The Latrobe Steel Company make a high-speed steel without tun...

The Effect Of Tempering On Water-quenched Gages
The following information has been supplied by Automatic and ...

The Pyrometer And Its Use
In the heat treatment of steel, it has become absolutely nece...

There is no mystery or secret about the proper annealing of d...

Effects Of Proper Annealing
Proper annealing of low-carbon steels causes a complete solu...

Carbon Steels For Different Tools
All users of tool steels should carefully study the different...

Heavy Forging Practice
In heavy forging practice where the metal is being worked at...

Hardening High-speed Steel
In forging use coke for fuel in the forge. Heat steel slowly ...

Forging High-speed Steel
Heat very slowly and carefully to from 1,800 to 2,000 deg.F....

Liberty Motor Connecting Rods
The requirements for materials for the Liberty motor connecti...

Pickling The Forgings
The forgings were then pickled in a hot solution of either ni...

It is considered good practice to quench alloy steels from th...

Properties Of Alloy Steels
The following table shows the percentages of carbon, manganes...

Reheating for machine ability was done at 100 deg. less than ...

Nickel may be considered as the toughest among the non-rare a...

High Speed Steel


For centuries the secret art of making tool steel was handed down
from father to son. The manufacture of tool steel is still an art
which, by the aid of science, has lost much of its secrecy; yet
tool steel is today made by practical men skilled as melters,
hammer-men, and rollers, each knowing his art. These practical
men willingly accept guidance from the chemist and metallurgists.

A knowledge of conditions existing today in the manufacture of
high-speed steel is essential to steel treaters. It is well for
the manufacturer to have steel treaters understand some of his
troubles and difficulties, so that they will better comprehend the
necessity of certain trade customs and practices, and, realizing
the manufacturer's desire to cooperate with them, will reciprocate.

The manufacturer of high-speed steel knows and appreciates the
troubles and difficulties that may sometimes arise in the heat-treating
of his product. His aim is to make a uniform steel that will best
meet the requirements of the average machine shop on general work,
and at the same time allow the widest variation in heat treatment
to give desired results.

High speed steel is one of the most complex alloys known. A
representative steel contains approximately 24 per cent of alloying
metals, namely, tungsten, chromium, vanadium, silicon, manganese,
and in addition there is often found cobalt, molybdenum, uranium,
nickel, tin, copper and arsenic.

Next: Standard Analysis

Previous: Tempering Colors On Carbon Steels

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