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Steel Making

Non-shrinking Oil-hardening Steels
Certain steels have a very low rate of expansion and contract...

The crankshaft was the most highly stressed part of the entir...

Annealing Work
With the exception of several of the higher types of alloy s...

Preparing Parts For Local Case-hardening
At the works of the Dayton Engineering Laboratories Company, ...

Application Of Liberty Engine Materials To The Automotive Industry
The success of the Liberty engine program was an engineer...

Placing The Thermo-couples
The following illustrations from the Taylor Instrument Compan...

Steel Worked In Austenitic State
As a general rule steel should be worked when it is in the a...

Temperature For Annealing
Theoretically, annealing should be accomplished at a tempera...

Pyrometry And Pyrometers
A knowledge of the fundamental principles of pyrometry, or th...

Making Steel Balls
Steel balls are made from rods or coils according to size, st...

Quenching The Work
In some operations case-hardened work is quenched from the bo...

Heat-treating Equipment And Methods For Mass Production
The heat-treating department of the Brown-Lipe-Chapin Company...

The Care Of Carburizing Compounds
Of all the opportunities for practicing economy in the heat-t...

Annealing Of High-speed Steel
For annealing high-speed steel, some makers recommend using g...

Steel Before The 1850's
In spite of a rapid increase in the use of machines and the ...

The Forging Of Steel
So much depends upon the forging of steel that this operation...

Chromium when alloyed with steel, has the characteristic func...

Steel is hardened by quenching from above the upper critical....

Heat Treatment Of Milling Cutters Drills Reamers Etc
THE FIRE.--Gas and electric furnaces designed for high heats ...

Carburizing By Gas
The process of carburizing by gas, briefly mentioned on page ...

Gas Consumption For Carburizing


Although the advantages offered by the gas-fired furnace for carburizing
have been generally recognized in the past from points of view as
close temperature regulation, decreased attendance, and greater
convenience, very little information has been published regarding
the consumption of gas for this process. It has therefore been a
matter of great difficulty to obtain authentic information upon
this point, either from makers or users of such furnaces.

In view of this, the details of actual consumption of gas on a
regular customer's order job will be of interest. The Revergen
furnace, manufactured by the Davis Furnace Company, Luton, Bedford,
England, was used on this job, and is provided with regenerators
and fired with illuminating gas at ordinary pressure, the air being
introduced to the furnace at a slight pressure of 3 to 4 in. water
gage. The material was charged into a cold furnace, raised to 1,652 deg.F.,
and maintained at that temperature for 8 hr. to give the necessary
depth of case. The work consisted of automobile gears packed in
six boxes, the total weight being 713 lb. The required temperature
of 1,652 deg.F. was obtained in 70 min. from lighting up, and a summary
of the data is shown in the following table:

Cubic Foot Total
Per Pound Number of
of Load Cubic Foot
Gas to raise furnace and charge from
cold to 1,652 deg.F., 70 min. 1.29 925
Gas to maintain 1,652 deg.F. for 1st hour 0.38 275
Gas to maintain 1,652 deg.F. for 2nd hour 0.42 300
Gas to maintain 1,652 deg.F. for 3rd hour 0.38 275
Gas to maintain 1,652 deg.F. for 4th hour 0.42 300
Gas to maintain 1,652 deg.F. for 5th hour 0.49 350
Gas to maintain 1,652 deg.F. for 6th hour 0.49 350
Gas to maintain 1,652 deg.F. for 7th hour 0.45 325
Gas to maintain 1,652 deg.F. for 8th hour 0.45 325

The overall gas consumption for this run of 9 hr. 10 min. was only
4.8 cu. ft. per pound of load.

Next: The Care Of Carburizing Compounds

Previous: A Satisfactory Luting Mixture

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